Beneficiation of olivine for foundry sand by calcining by Immo H. Redeker

Cover of: Beneficiation of olivine for foundry sand by calcining | Immo H. Redeker

Published by Available from Minerals Research Laboratory, North Carolina State University in Asheville .

Written in English

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  • Sand, Foundry.,
  • Olivine.,
  • Roasting (Metallurgy)

Edition Notes

Bibliography: leaf 17.

Book details

Statementby Immo H. Redeker.
SeriesReport - Minerals Research Laboratory, School of Engineering, North Carolina State University ; no. MRL-2
LC ClassificationsTS243.5 .R4
The Physical Object
Pagination17 leaves :
Number of Pages17
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5171820M
LC Control Number74623873

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The olivine sand before use to decompose the serpentine content, which contains water. • The specific heat of olivine is similar to that of silica, but its silicates for foundry use are produced by calcining • The AFS "Foundry Sand Hand‐book" 1.

sets forth. Olivine sand, suitable for foundry use, is produced from olivine-containing rock such as relatively low-grade dunites. The rock is crushed and is subjected to a wet, differential attrition grinding of sufficient intensity to finely comminute gangue materials contained in the rock.

Process for treating olivine foundry sand by intimately contacting the sand with an aqueous solution of an alkali metal silicate and isolating the sand from the solution.

The treated sand exhibits exceptionally high tensile strength and is useful as a component of resin molds and by: Olivine is a valuable raw material for use in Foundries as Foundry sand for mould construction in both ferrous and non-ferrous metal casting.

Foundry sand from Olivine has an uniform low thermal expansion (0,8% at ˚C) resulting in better casting accuracy and smoother surface. Olivine sand Olivine sand is an ideal mineral to use for the production of manganese steel castings as it is chemically less reactive than silica sand.

SiO2 reacts with MnO in the steel to form a MnSiO3 slag resulting in serious burn on defects. Eryas Olivine casting sand with it’s sintering point C o ( F o) and melting point over C o ( F o) performs excellent for the ferrous castings (grey cast iron, nodular cast iron, malleable cast iron) and performs very well fort he non ferrous ally for the Manganese (Mn) castings where the surface smoothness is important Eryas Olivine is the absolute solution.

F Sand sample from Ennore District A beach sand sample was received for the production of + 50 mesh (ASTM equivalent of+48 Tylor) sized sand for use in the foundries. The sand was composed of quartz, felspars, zircon, sillimanite, ilmenite, monazite etc.

Screen analysis of the sand indicated that % of it was of required size. Traditionally, an olivine sand was used for metal casting in both ferrous and non-ferrous foundries. This sand could produce a fine finish by cooling the metal rapidly, and it made for a very low dust environment that is not dangerous to breathe.

It was considered a “forgiving” foundry sand, taking patterns well and not expanding when hot. metals, filter media in water treatment, sand paper and also for foundry sand, hydraulic fracturing, sand blasting, paint and a host of other applications.

Impurities usually present in the silica sand are free and coated iron oxides, clay, titania and smaller amounts of sodium, potassium and calcium minerals. Dry sand: it is generally made of natural sand but dried or baked to removed the moisture to provide it to great strength.

Loam sand: these are those sand which have 50% clay and % moisture. Facing sand: facing sand consist of % of sand, it is a mixture of plumbs powder and graphite. Spent foundry sands from non-leaded brass foundries and spent foundry sands containing olivine sand also are not evaluated in the risk assessment.

In addition to spent foundry sands, foundries can generate numerous other wastes (e.g., unused and broken cores, core room sweepings, cupola slag, scrubber sludge, baghouse dust, shotblast fines).

Risk Assessment of Spent Foundry Sands In Soil-Related Applications Evaluating Silica-based Spent Foundry Sand From Iron, Steel, and Aluminum Foundries Prepared by: U.S.

EPA Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery Economics and Risk Assessment Staff U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service The Ohio State University and. Care must be taken to calcine the olivine sand before use to decompose the serpentine content, which contains water.

• The specific heat of olivine is similar to that of silica, but its thermal expansion is far less. Therefore, olivine is used for steel casting to control mold Beneficiation of olivine for foundry sand by calcining book. Properties of Molding Material Dry Strength - ` It is the strength of the molding sand in dry conditions.

` When the molten metal is poured in the mold, the sand around the mold cavity is quickly converted into dry sand as the moisture in the sand evaporates due to the heat of the molten metal. ` At this stage the molding sand must posses the sufficient strength to retain the exact shape of.

1. Introduction. The mineral olivine (O), a magnesium iron–silicate with the formula (Mg 2+,Fe 2+) 2 SiO 4, is one of the most abundant mineral in Earth׳s mantle at shallower melting temperature varies as a function of the composition between the two end members of the solid solution, forsterite (Mg 2 SiO 4) which melts at °C and fayalite (Fe 2 SiO 4) which melts at about.

Beneficiation of Olivine for Foundry Sand by Calcining, Immo H. Redeker. Report No. MRL-2, August 17 pages. “Soapstone in North Carolina, “Calcining of Olivine Foundry Sand in Fluosolid and Tube-Type Furnaces.

Beneficiation of Olivine for Foundry Sand by Calcining by I. Redeker Comparison of Olivine Beneficiation Techniques by R. Lewis Radiometric and Magnetic Surveys of the Dark Ridge Dunite, Jackson County, North Carolina by M.

Schiering, et al Olivine Sand. Olivine is a foundry sand used for its thermal properties and also used as a low-silica blasting abrasive.

Contact AGSCO to discuss your specific application. Add to Quote. Olivine Sand has been added to your cart. Woud you like to Continue on this page or Submit a quote.

This paper investigates the potential for using dry magnetic separation to reduce the chromium content of a dried high quality olivine sand product in order to meet with anticipated future quality.

olivine ore sand washing plant hydrosizer south sudan. Beneficiation of Olivine for Foundry Sand by Calcining, The Lewis Hydrosizer, crusher in south africa, mineral crusher plants, sand.

The grain fineness of olivine sand shall be determined in accordance with the method given in IS: *. The grain fineness of olivine flour shall be determined by wet screen- ing as given in Appendix A.

*Methods of physical tests for foundry sands. Sand casting, also known as sand molded casting, is a metal casting process characterized by using sand as the mold material. The term "sand casting" can also refer to an object produced via the sand casting process.

Sand castings are produced in specialized factories called 60% of all metal castings are produced via sand casting process. Northwest-International olivine company for evaluation as foundry sand.

The test data are presented on Tables 1, 2 and 3. A tube-calciner principle was developed to calcine in a continuous way.

In the process of testing the tube-calciner concept, it was discovered that calcining of olivine to. Olivine sand with fine particles is generally used in brass, bronze and aluminum casts.

This partially depends on material's qualities of being moisture-free and its particles being square. These qualities provide consistency and low permeability and consequently create great looking casting surface finishes.

Even well crushed state of squared. Introduction. Olivine (O) sand is a natural raw material used by foundries to create moulds or cores particularly for casting manganese containing steels and is preferred to quartz sand as it minimizes the reactions between the liquid metal and the sand particles [].However, the ideal foundry sand particles should have a sub angular shape in order to allow the individual grains to interlock.

Chromite foundry sands are generally mixed with binding resins and hardeners to produce molds. They substitute silica sands to cast metals with high density and high melting point and are much cheaper when compared to zircon sand [].They have to meet strict quality parameters in order to ensure a good final product [].The most important ones are Cr 2 O 3 content (higher than 44%), Fineness.

Olivine sand -Olivine is a mixture of orthosilicates of iron and magnesium from the mineral dunite. Chromite sand -Chromite sand is a solid solution of spinels. It has a very high fusion point (1, C (3, F). Zircon sand -Zircon sand is a compound of approximately two-thirds zircon oxide (Zr2O) and one-third silica.

Fusion point 2, C. kaolin, magnesite, nepheline syenite, olivine, perlite, phosphates, pumice, salt, silica sand, sodium carbonate, sodium sulphate, strontium, sulphur, tale, vermiculite 1 - cornmon clay, gypsum, crushed stone, limestone and dolomite, sand and gravel to oil rigs all over the world, rutil and ilmenite from Australian placers to Ti02 - pigment.

The sintering behaviour of several green compacts made with olivine or olivine/alumina powder blends has been examined. To this goal, powders were attrition milled, uniaxially pressed into specimens and air sintered at temperatures ranging from to °C.

The resulting samples were characterized by water absorption, shrinkage, phase composition and density. Chromite spinel sand is the sand size fraction removed from the Chromite ore and because of its grain size is not commercially practical for reducing Ferro-chromium alloys. Ideally for foundry use the chromium (Cr2O3) content should exceed 46% and iron (Fe2O3) no more than 33% of the percentage of chromium to make smelting attractive.

In the casting of manganese steel, olivine sand or chromite Hevi-Sand containing 10% to 15% MgO addition is an excellent core sand base.

MANGANESE DIOXIDE An oxidizing agent, MnO2, can be made synthetically or may be found as an ore, known as "bog manganese" or "wad.".

Olivine Molding Sand. As a foundry aggregate, olivine is noted for its high fusion point, low uniform thermal expansion, and its remarkable ability to resist fracture from thermal shock. Olivine has been famous for years in producing excellent non-ferrous castings.

Today, more foundrymen are realizing that olivine works equally well in iron. Chromium (Cr) is a versatile element used in numerous applications in the metallurgical, chemical, foundry sand, and refractory industries.

Chromite (FeCr2O4) is the only commercially recoverable. Chromite (Cr) occurs exclusively in mafic and ultramafic igneous rocks (Papp and Lipin, ).Although some Cr-based minerals such as crocoite (PbCrO 4), vauquelinite (Pb 2 Cu[CrO 4][PO 4]), uvarovite (Ca 3 Cr 2 [SiO 4] 3), and merumite (4(Cr,Al) 2 O 3 3H 2 O) are well known, chromite (FeCr 2 O 4) is the only one that is a commercially recoverable source of Cr (Sueker.

Elm Street () New Canaan, CT ; Telephone Number for Information () ; PRODUCT NAME: Olivine for Abrasive Blasting.

Replacing olivine sand: with the North American olivine sand supply tapped out, the metalcasting industry has found some viable options for substitution.: An article from: Modern Casting [Shannon Wetzel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This digital document is an article from Modern Casting, published by American Foundry Society, Inc.

on December 1Author: Shannon Wetzel. Table of ContentsSamples TestedBench-Scale Attrition-Grinding StudiesAttrition-Grinding Studies of Olivine from Other Sources As part of its program to minimize mineral and metal needs, the Federal Bureau of Mines conducted investigations to determine the feasibility of producing foundry-sand-grade olivine concentrates from low-grade sources.

Using a Bureau-patented attrition-grinding. Olivine can also be used as a casting sand and to make refractory brick but easier to obtain and less expensive materials are becoming more popular. Olivine is used as the gemstone for August and are most valued in its bright lime green and dark olive tints.

Olivine as a gemstone is mostly mined at the San Carlos Reservation in Arizona to. Ask for Help with Questions / Offer Answers / Give and Receive Ideas, Solutions & Opinions Hello and welcome to Metallurgist’ Mineral Processing/Metallurgy Community Discussion Forums.

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